Monthly Archives: July 2018

What is Metformin Used For? Side Effects and Dosage

What is Metformin?

Generally, the Metformin is a prescription medication that can be mainly used to treat the condition of type 2 diabetes. What is metformin medication? This medication specifically relates to a group of drugs known as biguanides that greatly helps your body to respond great to the insulin and reduce the amount of sugar naturally to your intestine absorbs and liver makes. At present, this Metformin comes in a form of tablet as well as liquid forms. It is recommended to take three times per day on a daily basis based on the form you are taking.

Now, the Metformin oral tablet is available as both brand name drug and a generic drug. This medication is currently available in the following brand names such as Glumetza, Fortamet, Glucophage and Glucophage XR. Along with this, it is also available in the form of oral solution with a brand name of drug Riomet. Basically, the Metformin can be used to treat the high blood sugar levels, which could be caused by type 2 diabetes.

What is Metformin used for?

The drug Metformin can be used as a part of the combination therapy. This means that you have to consume it with other drugs. The great thing about Metformin is working along with the exercise and diet as well.

How does this drug work?

The Metformin drug belongs to the biguanides class of drugs. It also refers to the medications, which work similarly. This medication has a same chemical structure, so it can be used to treat the same conditions as much as possible. When you start consuming this drug, it will significantly minimize the glucose level of your body absorbs as well as maximizes the insulin effect on your body. Actually, the insulin is a hormone that greatly supports your body to eliminate the additional amount of sugar from your blood. This also reduces your body sugar levels.

Side effects

The drug has many common side effects. As like any other medication, this drug will also affects the different people in various ways. To make it simpler to understand the Metformin side effects, it can be divided into mild and severe as well as how frequently they occur.

Now, the Metformin is available in the type of oral tablet, which do not cause any drowsiness. But, it may cause the low reaction of blood sugar. If you experience the low blood sugar reaction, you just want to treat it immediately. Some of the common side effects caused by this medication are given below:


  • Heartburn
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Stomach pain
  • Gas


If you experience any of these effects that are mild and suffered with a few days or a couple of weeks, you just go and consult with your pharmacist or doctor and prevent any severe causes. On the other hand, if you suffer from any serious side effects that are potentially life-threatening, you must call your doctor right now or call 911. Some of the symptoms are listed below:


  • Unusual muscle pain
  • Lightheadness or dizziness
  • Trouble breathing
  • Irregular heart rate
  • Feeling or shaking jittery
  • Sweating
  • Hunger
  • Irritability
  • Weakness
  • Confusion
  • Headache


Dosing details

The dosage information of Metformin oral tablet is given here. Depends upon your need, you must decide your dosage.

However, your does and form is based on the following:


  • Your age
  • Your condition is being treated
  • How your condition is severe
  • You have any other medical conditions
  • How you react to the initial dose


When you take this med, it is recommended to follow the right dietary food methods made by the dietitian and doctor that usually include a healthy diet. The most important thing to consider is avoiding the skipped meals, because it can cause several health problems and also maintain the blood sugar control. When you are using Metformin, there is no particular food to skip. Before getting Metformin, you must tell your physician, if you have any of these following problems such as,


  • Have liver problems
  • Have kidney problems
  • Drink a lot of alcohol
  • Have heart failure problems


Once you are fitting to take this drug, you should be taken by mouth that available in a form of tablet.